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Wiki MarkupThis is a page about TI's Cortex-A8 based; BeagleBone Black. {

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Table of Contents

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Availability

Boards:
BeagleBone Black at Digi-Key
BeagleBone Green at Digi-Key
Embest BeagleBone Black at Digi-Key
BeagleBone Black Wireless at Digi-Key
BeagleBone Green Wireless at Digi-Key

Power Supplies:
USB Micro for BeagleBone Green at Digi-Key

Cables:
(USB to serial adapter) TTL-232R-3V3 at Digi-Key
HDMI-A Male to HDMI-D Male (1.5M) at Digi-Key
HDMI-A Male to HDMI-D Male (1.5M) at Digi-Key
HDMI-A Male to HDMI-D Male (2M) at Digi-Key

Basic Requirements

  • Running a recent release of Debian, Fedora or Ubuntu; without OS Virtualization Software.
  • ARM Cross Compiler – Linaro: http://www.linaro.org

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    • Linaro

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    • Toolchain

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    • Binaries:

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  • Bootloader
    • Das U-Boot

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    • the

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    • Universal

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    • Boot

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    • Loader:

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    • Source:

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  • Linux

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  • Kernel

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    • Linus's

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    • Mainline

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    • tree:

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  • ARM

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  • based

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  • rootfs

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    • Debian:

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    • Ubuntu:

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ARM Cross Compiler:

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GCC

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This is a pre-built (64bit) version of Linaro GCC that runs on generic linux, sorry (32bit) x86 users, it's time to upgrade...
Download/Extract: {

Code Block

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title

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~/

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wget -c https://releases.linaro.org/components/toolchain/binaries/6.3-2017.05/arm-linux-gnueabihf/gcc-linaro-6.3.1-2017.05-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf.tar.xz
tar xf gcc-linaro-6.3.1-2017.05-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf.tar.xz
export CC=`pwd`/gcc-linaro-6.3.1-2017.05-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-

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Test Cross Compiler: {

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title

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~/

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${CC}gcc --version
arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc (Linaro GCC 6.3-2017.05) 6.3.1 20170404
Copyright (C) 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

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Bootloader:

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U-Boot

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Das U-Boot -- the Universal Boot Loader: [http://www.denx.de/wiki/U-Boot]
eewiki.net patch archive: [https://github.com/eewiki/u-boot-patches]
Download: {

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title

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~/

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git clone https://github.com/u-boot/u-boot
cd u-boot/
git checkout v2017.09-rc2 -b tmp

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Patches: {

Code Block

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title

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~/u-boot

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wget -c https://rcn-ee.com/repos/git/u-boot-patches/v2017.09-rc2/0001-am335x_evm-uEnv.txt-bootz-n-fixes.patch
wget -c https://rcn-ee.com/repos/git/u-boot-patches/v2017.09-rc2/0002-U-Boot-BeagleBone-Cape-Manager.patch
 
patch -p1 < 0001-am335x_evm-uEnv.txt-bootz-n-fixes.patch
patch -p1 < 0002-U-Boot-BeagleBone-Cape-Manager.patch

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Configure and Build: {

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title

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~/u-boot

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make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} distclean
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} am335x_evm_defconfig
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC}

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Linux Kernel

This script will build the kernel, modules, device tree binaries and copy them to the deploy directory.

Mainline

see: BeagleBone Black#capemgr:v4.4.x+|:BeagleBone Black#capemgr:v4.4.x+] for overlay building on target
Download: {

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~/

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git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel
cd bb-kernel/

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For am33x-v4.4 (Longterm 4.4.x): {

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~/bb-kernel/

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git checkout origin/am33x-v4.4 -b tmp

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For am33x-rt-v4.4 (Longterm 4.4.x + Real-Time Linux): {

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title

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~/bb-kernel/

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git checkout origin/am33x-rt-v4.4 -b tmp

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For am33x-v4.9 (Longterm 4.9.x): {

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title

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~/bb-kernel/

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git checkout origin/am33x-v4.9 -b tmp

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For am33x-rt-v4.9 (Longterm 4.9.x + Real-Time Linux): {

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title

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~/bb-kernel/

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git checkout origin/am33x-rt-v4.9 -b tmp

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For am33x-v4.12 (Stable): {

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title

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~/bb-kernel/

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git checkout origin/am33x-v4.12 -b tmp

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Build: {

Code Block

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title

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~/bb-kernel/

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./build_kernel.sh

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TI BSP

Download:

Code Block
title~/

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev/

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For TI v4.4.x: {

Code Block

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title

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~/ti-linux-kernel-dev/

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git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.4.y -b tmp

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For TI v4.4.x: Real-Time {

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title

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~/ti-linux-kernel-dev/

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git checkout origin/ti-linux-rt-4.4.y -b tmp

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For TI v4.9.x: {

Code Block

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title

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~/ti-linux-kernel-dev/

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git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.9.y -b tmp

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For TI v4.9.x: Real-Time {

Code Block

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title

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~/ti-linux-kernel-dev/

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git checkout origin/ti-linux-rt-4.9.y -b tmp

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Build: {

Code Block

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title

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~/ti-linux-kernel-dev/

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./build_kernel.sh

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Root File System

Debian 9

User

Password

debian

temppwd

root

root

Download:

Code Block
title~/

wget -c https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/eewiki/minfs/debian-9.1-minimal-armhf-2017-08-08.tar.xz

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Verify: {

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title

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sha256sum debian-9.1-minimal-armhf-2017-08-08.tar.xz
ba8f801ee1907f362c61b1c10e7fa1a4c59d766eecfe32803588f33f29f69dd4  debian-9.1-minimal-armhf-2017-08-08.tar.xz

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Extract: {

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title

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tar xf debian-9.1-minimal-armhf-2017-08-08.tar.xz

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Ubuntu 16.04

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LTS

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User

Password

ubuntu

temppwd

Download:

Code Block
title~/

wget -c https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/eewiki/minfs/ubuntu-16.04.3-minimal-armhf-2017-08-08.tar.xz

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Verify: {

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title

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sha256sum ubuntu-16.04.3-minimal-armhf-2017-08-08.tar.xz
cc2689fc2d7cd9457f1b5fd2beff2a19123b4c95fb62848584f06c7158ecfe34  ubuntu-16.04.3-minimal-armhf-2017-08-08.tar.xz

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Extract: {

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tar xf ubuntu-16.04.3-minimal-armhf-2017-08-08.tar.xz

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Setup microSD card

For these instruction we are assuming, DISK=/dev/mmcblk0, lsblk is very useful for determining the device id.* {

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export DISK=/dev/mmcblk0

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Erase partition table/labels on microSD card: {

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sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=${DISK} bs=1M count=10

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Install Bootloader: {

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title

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sudo dd if=./u-boot/MLO of=${DISK} count=1 seek=1 bs=128k
sudo dd if=./u-boot/u-boot.img of=${DISK} count=2 seek=1 bs=384k

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Create Partition Layout: *
With util-linux v2.26, sfdisk was rewritten and is now based on libfdisk.* {

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sudo sfdisk --version
sfdisk from util-linux 2.27.1

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titlesfdisk >=

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2.26.x

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sudo sfdisk ${DISK} <<-__EOF__
4M,,L,*
__EOF__

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Code Block
titlesfdisk <=

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2.25.x

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sudo sfdisk --unit M ${DISK} <<-__EOF__
4,,L,*
__EOF__

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Format Partition: *
With mkfs.ext4 1.43, we need to make sure metadata_csum and 64bit are disabled.*
As U-Boot CAN NOT currently handle reading files with these newer ext4 options and so Debian 8 (armel/armhf) and Ubuntu 16.04 (armhf) fsck tools will operate correctly. {

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title

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mkfs.ext4

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-V

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sudo mkfs.ext4 -V
mke2fs 1.43-WIP (15-Mar-2016)
        Using EXT2FS Library version 1.43-WIP

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titlemkfs.ext4

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>=

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1.43

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for: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0
sudo mkfs.ext4 -L rootfs -O ^metadata_csum,^64bit ${DISK}p1
 
for: DISK=/dev/sdX
sudo mkfs.ext4 -L rootfs -O ^metadata_csum,^64bit ${DISK}1

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titlemkfs.ext4

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<=

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1.42

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for: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0
sudo mkfs.ext4 -L rootfs ${DISK}p1
 
for: DISK=/dev/sdX
sudo mkfs.ext4 -L rootfs ${DISK}1

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Mount Partition: *
On most systems these partitions may will be auto-mounted...* {

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sudo mkdir -p /media/rootfs/
 
for: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0
sudo mount ${DISK}p1 /media/rootfs/
 
for: DISK=/dev/sdX
sudo mount ${DISK}1 /media/rootfs/

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Backup Bootloader

This version of MLO/u-boot.img will be used on the "eMMC" flasher script on this page. {

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title

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~/

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sudo mkdir -p /media/rootfs/opt/backup/uboot/
sudo cp -v ./u-boot/MLO /media/rootfs/opt/backup/uboot/
sudo cp -v ./u-boot/u-boot.img /media/rootfs/opt/backup/uboot/

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Dealing with old Bootloader in eMMC

If you don't want to clear out the old Bootloader in eMMC add this uEnv.txt to /media/rootfs/ {

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title

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~/uEnv.txt

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##This will work with: Angstrom's 2013.06.20 u-boot.
 
loadaddr=0x82000000
fdtaddr=0x88000000
rdaddr=0x88080000
 
initrd_high=0xffffffff
fdt_high=0xffffffff
 
#for single partitions:
mmcroot=/dev/mmcblk0p1
 
loadximage=load mmc 0:1 ${loadaddr} /boot/vmlinuz-${uname_r}
loadxfdt=load mmc 0:1 ${fdtaddr} /boot/dtbs/${uname_r}/${fdtfile}
loadxrd=load mmc 0:1 ${rdaddr} /boot/initrd.img-${uname_r}; setenv rdsize ${filesize}
loaduEnvtxt=load mmc 0:1 ${loadaddr} /boot/uEnv.txt ; env import -t ${loadaddr} ${filesize};
loadall=run loaduEnvtxt; run loadximage; run loadxfdt;
 
mmcargs=setenv bootargs console=tty0 console=${console} ${optargs} ${cape_disable} ${cape_enable} root=${mmcroot} rootfstype=${mmcrootfstype} ${cmdline}
 
uenvcmd=run loadall; run mmcargs; bootz ${loadaddr} - ${fdtaddr};

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Code Block
title~/

sudo cp -v ./uEnv.txt /media/rootfs/

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Install Kernel and Root File System

To help new users, since the kernel version can change on a daily basis. The kernel building scripts listed on this page will now give you a hint of what kernel version was built.

Code Block

-----------------------------
Script Complete
eewiki.net: [user@localhost:~$ export kernel_version=4.X.Y-Z]
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Copy and paste that "export kernel_version=4.X.Y-Z" exactly as shown in your own build/desktop environment and hit enter to create an environment variable to be used later. {

Code Block

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export kernel_version=4.X.Y-Z

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Copy Root File System

Code Block
title~/

sudo tar xfvp ./*-*-*-armhf-*/armhf-rootfs-*.tar -C /media/rootfs/
sync
sudo chown root:root /media/rootfs/
sudo chmod 755 /media/rootfs/

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Set uname_r

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in

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/boot/uEnv.txt

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title

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~/

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sudo sh -c "echo 'uname_r=${kernel_version}' >> /media/rootfs/boot/uEnv.txt"

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Copy Kernel Image

Kernel Image:

Code Block
title~/

sudo cp -v ./bb-kernel/deploy/${kernel_version}.zImage /media/rootfs/boot/vmlinuz-${kernel_version}

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Copy Kernel Device Tree Binaries

Code Block
title~/

sudo mkdir -p /media/rootfs/boot/dtbs/${kernel_version}/
sudo tar xfv ./bb-kernel/deploy/${kernel_version}-dtbs.tar.gz -C /media/rootfs/boot/dtbs/${kernel_version}/

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Copy Kernel Modules

Code Block
title~/

sudo tar xfv ./bb-kernel/deploy/${kernel_version}-modules.tar.gz -C /media/rootfs/

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File Systems Table (/etc/fstab)

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Code Block

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sudo sh -c "echo '/dev/mmcblk0p1  /  auto  errors=remount-ro  0  1' >> /media/rootfs/etc/fstab"

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Networking

Edit: /etc/network/interfaces {

Code Block

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sudo nano /media/rootfs/etc/network/interfaces

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Add: {

Code Block

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title

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/etc/network/interfaces

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auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
 
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp

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Networking:

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Using

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a

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shared

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SD

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card

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with

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Multiple

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BeagleBone

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To always enable the Ethernet interface as eth0.
Edit: /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules {

Code Block

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sudo nano /media/rootfs/etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules

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Add: {

Code Block

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title

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/etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules

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# BeagleBone: net device ()
SUBSYSTEM=="net", ACTION=="add", DRIVERS=="?*", ATTR{dev_id}=="0x0", ATTR{type}=="1", KERNEL=="eth*", NAME="eth0"

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Remove microSD/SD

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card

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Code Block

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sync
sudo umount /media/rootfs

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usb gadget

Provides http access to beaglebone black over usb.
Install udhcpd

Code Block

sudo apt-get install udhcpd

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Edit: /etc/network/interfaces and add: {

Code Block

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title

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/etc/network/interfaces

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# Ethernet/RNDIS gadget (g_ether)
# ... or on host side, usbnet and random hwaddr
iface usb0 inet static
        address 192.168.7.2
        netmask 255.255.255.252
        network 192.168.7.0
        gateway 192.168.7.1

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Temp Script: {

Code Block

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wget -c https://raw.github.com/RobertCNelson/tools/master/scripts/beaglebone-black-g-ether-load.sh
chmod +x beaglebone-black-g-ether-load.sh
sudo ./beaglebone-black-g-ether-load.sh

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HDMI

This sections assumes you have already installed your favorite xorg based window manager, such as lxde, xfce, kde, gnome, etc... These are packages that need to be installed on top of your selected windows manager and an xorg.conf needed to correctly setup the video interface. *
Note: If the cursor doesn\'t show up right away, first hit: ctlr-alt-f1 then: ctrl-alt-f7 after which it \'should\' show up...*
Make sure to install, fbdev driver and xrandr utilities: {

Code Block

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sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install read-edid xserver-xorg-video-fbdev x11-xserver-utils

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Code Block
title/etc/X11/xorg.conf

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Section "Monitor"
        Identifier      "Builtin Default Monitor"
EndSection
Section "Device"
        Identifier      "Builtin Default fbdev Device 0"
        Driver          "fbdev"
EndSection
Section "Screen"
        Identifier      "Builtin Default fbdev Screen 0"
        Device          "Builtin Default fbdev Device 0"
        Monitor         "Builtin Default Monitor"
EndSection
Section "ServerLayout"
        Identifier      "Builtin Default Layout"
        Screen          "Builtin Default fbdev Screen 0"
EndSection

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xrandr: {

Code Block

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xrandr
xrandr --output HDMI-0 --mode 1024x768 --rate 60

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xrandr (over serial/ssh\) {

Code Block

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xrandr -display :0.0 -q
xrandr -display :0.0 --output HDMI-0 --mode 1024x768 --rate 60

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eMMC

Script to copy your microSD card to eMMC: (this will need these packages installed: initramfs-tools dosfstools rsync)

Code Block

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/master/tools/eMMC/bbb-eMMC-flasher-eewiki-ext4.sh
chmod +x bbb-eMMC-flasher-eewiki-ext4.sh
sudo /bin/bash ./bbb-eMMC-flasher-eewiki-ext4.sh

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SGX

Build SGX modules/userspace (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor) {

Code Block

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title

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~/bb-kernel/

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./sgx_build_modules.sh

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Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install {

Code Block

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sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

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Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded {

Code Block

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debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

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capemgr:

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v4.4.x+

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Full Documentation: [readme|https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/blob/master/readme.md] Download: {code:title=~/} readme
Download:

Code Block
title~/

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays
cd ./bb.org-overlays/

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Install *.dtbo: {

Code Block

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title

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~/bb.org-overlays/

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./install.sh

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BBB compatibility issues: {

Code Block

...

title

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/boot/uEnv.txt

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dtb=am335x-boneblack-overlay.dtb

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capemgr: enable/disable capes on kernel cmdline: {

Code Block

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Comma delimited list of PART-NUMBER[:REV] of [enabled/disabled] capes

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Code Block
title/boot/uEnv.txt

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cape_disable=bone_capemgr.disable_partno=
cape_enable=bone_capemgr.enable_partno=

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slots: {

Code Block

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debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /sys/devices/platform/bone_capemgr/slots
 0: 54:P---L BeagleBone RS232 CAPE,00A1,Beagleboardtoys,BB-BONE-SERL-03
 1: 55:PF---
 2: 56:PF---
 3: 57:PF---

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Comments

Comments, feedback, and questions can be sent to: [eewiki@digikey.com|mailto:eewiki@digikey.com?subject=BeagleBone Black] Please use the
Please use the Digi-Key's TechForum: [TechForum|https://forum.digikey.com/c/linux-on-arm/]