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This is a page about the Freescale based i.MX6; Wandboard.

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{toc

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Availability

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=disc}
h1. Availability
Boards:
[Wandboard SOLO|https://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?keywords=1406-0001-ND] at Digi-Key
[Wandboard DUAL|https://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?keywords=1406-0004-ND] at Digi-Key
[Wandboard QUAD|https://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?keywords=1406-0005-ND] at Digi-Key
New Boards: (v4.13+ kernel only)

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[Wandboard SOLO (WB-IMX6S)|https://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?keywords=1406-0009-ND] at Digi-Key

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[Wandboard DUAL (WB-IMX6U-BW)|https://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?keywords=1406-0008-ND] at Digi-Key

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[Wandboard QUAD (WB-IMX6Q-BW)|https://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?keywords=1406-0010-ND] at Digi-Key

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New Boards: (wip - doesnt boot yet)

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[Wandboard QUADPLUS (WB-IMX6QP-BW)|https://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?keywords=1406-0011-ND] at Digi-Key

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Accessories:

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[Wandboard Antenna Kit|https://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?keywords=1406-0002-ND] at Digi-Key

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[Wandboard Enclosure|https://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?keywords=1406-0003-ND] at Digi-Key

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[5V 2A+ DC Power Supply|http://www.digikey.com/product-search/en?pv52=5&FV=fff40009%2Cfff8004a%2C4f80059%2C1180002b%2C1180002f%2C11800036%2C1180003d%2C1180004a%2C118000b3%2C118000c8%2C118000f2%2C118000ff%2C11800107%2C1180010d%2C11800126%2C11800157%2C11800172%2C11800176%2C1180017a%2C11800187%2C1180018d%2C11800192%2C118001a6%2C118001aa%2C118001e2%2C118001f9%2C11800204%2C1180020b%2C1180021d%2C11800228%2C1180022a%2C11800234%2C11800235%2C11800236&k=5.5+2.1+power&mnonly=0&newproducts=0&ColumnSort=0&page=1&stock=1&quantity=0&ptm=0&fid=0&pageSize=100] (2.1mm ID x 5.5mm OD positive center plug) at Digi-Key

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Vendor Documentation


 
h1. Vendor Documentation
* WANDBOARD.ORG: [http://wandboard.org

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]
** i.MX6q: [http://www.freescale.com/webapp/sps/site/prod_summary.jsp?code=i.MX6Q

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Basic Requirements

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h1. Basic Requirements
* Running a recent release of Debian, Fedora or Ubuntu; without OS Virtualization Software.
* ARM Cross Compiler -- Linaro: [http://www.linaro.org

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** Linaro Toolchain Binaries: [http://www.linaro.org/downloads/

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* Bootloader
** Das U-Boot

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 -- the Universal Boot Loader: [http://www.denx.de/wiki/U-Boot

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** Source: [http://git.denx.de/?p=u-boot.git;a=summary

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* Linux Kernel

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** Linus's Mainline tree: [https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git

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* ARM based rootfs

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** Debian: [https://www.debian.org

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** Ubuntu: [http://www.ubuntu.com

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h1. ARM Cross Compiler: GCC

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This is a pre-built (64bit) version of Linaro GCC that runs on generic linux, sorry (32bit) x86 users, it's time to upgrade...

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Download/Extract:

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{code
:title
=~/
}
wget -c https://releases.linaro.org/components/toolchain/binaries/6.34-2017.0508/arm-linux-gnueabihf/gcc-linaro-6.34.1-2017.0508-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf.tar.xz
tar xf gcc-linaro-6.34.1-2017.0508-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf.tar.xz
export CC=`pwd`/gcc-linaro-6.34.1-2017.0508-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-
{code}
Test Cross Compiler:

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{code
:title
=~/
}
${CC}gcc --version
arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc (Linaro GCC 6.34-2017.0508) 6.34.1 2017040420170707
Copyright (C) 20162017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
{code}
 
h1. Bootloader: U-Boot

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Das U-Boot

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 -- the Universal Boot Loader: [http://www.denx.de/wiki/U-Boot

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eewiki.net patch archive: [https://github.com/eewiki/u-boot-patches

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Download:

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{code
:title
=~/
}
git clone https://github.com/u-boot/u-boot
cd u-boot/
git checkout v2017.07 -b tmp
{code}
Patches:

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{code
:title
=~/u-boot
}
wget -c https://rcn-ee.com/repos/git/u-boot-patches/v2017.07/0001-wandboard-uEnv.txt-bootz-n-fixes.patch
 
patch -p1 < 0001-wandboard-uEnv.txt-bootz-n-fixes.patch
{code}
Configure and Build:

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{code
:title
=~/u-boot
}
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} distclean
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} wandboard_defconfig
make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC}

Linux Kernel

This script will build the kernel, modules, device tree binaries and copy them to the deploy directory.
Download:

Code Block
title~/
{code}
 
h1. Linux Kernel
This script will build the kernel, modules, device tree binaries and copy them to the deploy directory.
Download:
{code:title=~/}
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform
cd armv7-multiplatform/
{code}
For v4.4.x (Longterm 4.4.x):

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{code
:title
=~/armv7-multiplatform/
}
git checkout origin/v4.4.x -b tmp
{code}
For v4.4.x-rt (Longterm 4.4.x + Real-Time Linux):

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{code
:title
=~/armv7-multiplatform/
}
git checkout origin/v4.4.x-rt -b tmp
{code}
For v4.9.x (Longterm 4.9.x):

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{code
:title
=~/armv7-multiplatform/
}
git checkout origin/v4.9.x -b tmp
{code}
For v4.9.x-rt (Longterm 4.9.x + Real-Time Linux):

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{code
:title
=~/armv7-multiplatform/
}
git checkout origin/v4.9.x-rt -b tmp
{code}
For v4.12.x (Stable):

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{code
:title
=~/armv7-multiplatform/
}
git checkout origin/v4.12.x -b tmp
{code}
For v4.13.x (Prepatch):

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{code
:title
=~/armv7-multiplatform/
}
git checkout origin/v4.13.x -b tmp
{code}
Build:

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{code
:title
=~/armv7-multiplatform/
}
./build_kernel.sh

Root File System

Debian 9

User

Password

debian

temppwd

root

root

Download:

Code Block
title~/
{code}
 
h1. Root File System
h4. Debian 9
|| User || Password ||
| debian | temppwd |
| root | root |
Download:
{code:title=~/}
wget -c https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/eewiki/minfs/debian-9.12-minimal-armhf-2017-0810-0807.tar.xz
{code}
Verify:

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{code
:title
=~/
}
sha256sum debian-9.12-minimal-armhf-2017-0810-0807.tar.xz
ba8f801ee1907f362c61b1c10e7fa1a4c59d766eecfe32803588f33f29f69dd484278f084b16d24ef369df3ee46ece2307720567cd7f87015496c9d9cf7d1f8d  debian-9.12-minimal-armhf-2017-0810-0807.tar.xz
{code}
Extract:

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{code
:title
=~/
}
tar xf debian-9.12-minimal-armhf-2017-0810-0807.tar.xz

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{code}
h4. Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

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User

Password

ubuntu

temppwd

Download:

Code Block
title~/

|| User || Password ||
| ubuntu | temppwd |
Download:
{code:title=~/}
wget -c https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/eewiki/minfs/ubuntu-16.04.3-minimal-armhf-2017-0810-0807.tar.xz
{code}
Verify:

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{code
:title
=~/
}
sha256sum ubuntu-16.04.3-minimal-armhf-2017-0810-0807.tar.xz
cc2689fc2d7cd9457f1b5fd2beff2a19123b4c95fb62848584f06c7158ecfe347f4e7a0ebf280fc442e91b1b4de83e85c7dd656a5b8ec6ee16f23df44d3c697d  ubuntu-16.04.3-minimal-armhf-2017-0810-0807.tar.xz
{code}
Extract:

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{code
:title
=~/
}
tar xf ubuntu-16.04.3-minimal-armhf-2017-0810-0807.tar.xz

Setup microSD card

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{code}
 
h1. Setup microSD card
*For these instruction we are assuming, DISK=/dev/mmcblk0, lsblk is very useful for determining the device id.

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*
{code
}
export DISK=/dev/mmcblk0
{code}
Erase partition table/labels on microSD card:

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{code
}
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=${DISK} bs=1M count=10
{code}
Install Bootloader:

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{code
:title
=~/
}
sudo dd if=./u-boot/SPL of=${DISK} seek=1 bs=1k
sudo dd if=./u-boot/u-boot.img of=${DISK} seek=69 bs=1k
{code}
Create Partition Layout:

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*With util-linux v2.26, sfdisk was rewritten and is now based on libfdisk.

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sfdisk sfdisk
*
{code
}
sudo sfdisk --version
sfdisk from util-linux 2.27.1
Code Block
title
{code}
{code:title=sfdisk >= 2.26.x
}
sudo sfdisk ${DISK} <<-__EOF__
1M,,L,*
__EOF__
Code Block
title
{code}
{code:title=sfdisk <= 2.25.x
}
sudo sfdisk --unit M ${DISK} <<-__EOF__
1,,L,*
__EOF__
{code}
Format Partition:

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{code
}
for: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0
sudo mkfs.ext4 -L rootfs ${DISK}p1
 
for: DISK=/dev/sdX
sudo mkfs.ext4 -L rootfs ${DISK}1
{code}
Mount Partition:

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*On most systems these partitions may will be auto-mounted...

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*
{code
}
sudo mkdir -p /media/rootfs/
 
for: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0
sudo mount ${DISK}p1 /media/rootfs/
 
for: DISK=/dev/sdX
sudo mount ${DISK}1 /media/rootfs/

Install Kernel and Root File System

To help new users, since the kernel version can change on a daily basis. The kernel building scripts listed on this page will now give you a hint of what kernel version was built.

Code Block
{code}
 
h1. Install Kernel and Root File System
To help new users, since the kernel version can change on a daily basis. The kernel building scripts listed on this page will now give you a hint of what kernel version was built.
{code}
-----------------------------
Script Complete
eewiki.net: [user@localhost:~$ export kernel_version=4.X.Y-Z]
-----------------------------
{code}
Copy and paste that "export kernel_version=4.X.Y-Z" exactly as shown in your own build/desktop environment and hit enter to create an environment variable to be used later.

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{code
}
export kernel_version=4.X.Y-Z

Copy Root File System

Code Block
title~/
{code}
h3. Copy Root File System
{code:title=~/}
sudo tar xfvp ./*-*-*-armhf-*/armhf-rootfs-*.tar -C /media/rootfs/
sync
sudo chown root:root /media/rootfs/
sudo chmod 755 /media/rootfs/

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{code}
h3. Set uname_r in /boot/uEnv.txt

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{code
:title
=~/
}
sudo sh -c "echo 'uname_r=${kernel_version}' >> /media/rootfs/boot/uEnv.txt"

Video

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{code}
 
h3. Video
See other hints: [https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/Documentation/fb/modedb.txt

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]
{code
:title
=~/
}
sudo sh -c "echo 'cmdline=video=HDMI-A-1:1024x768@60e' >> /media/rootfs/boot/uEnv.txt"

Copy Kernel Image

Kernel Image:

Code Block
title~/
{code}
 
h3. Copy Kernel Image
Kernel Image:
{code:title=~/}
sudo cp -v ./armv7-multiplatform/deploy/${kernel_version}.zImage /media/rootfs/boot/vmlinuz-${kernel_version}

Copy Kernel Device Tree Binaries

Code Block
title~/
{code}
h3. Copy Kernel Device Tree Binaries
{code:title=~/}
sudo mkdir -p /media/rootfs/boot/dtbs/${kernel_version}/
sudo tar xfv ./armv7-multiplatform/deploy/${kernel_version}-dtbs.tar.gz -C /media/rootfs/boot/dtbs/${kernel_version}/

Copy Kernel Modules

Code Block
title~/
{code}
h3. Copy Kernel Modules
{code:title=~/}
sudo tar xfv ./armv7-multiplatform/deploy/${kernel_version}-modules.tar.gz -C /media/rootfs/

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{code}
 
h3. File Systems Table (/etc/fstab)

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*Starting with the v4.5.x merge (and fixed in v4.5.3) mmc interface has been re-numbered...

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*
[https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git/commit/?id=520bd7a8b4152aacfbd34eb7f7a447354b631039

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]
[https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git/commit/?id=58821da858919f93f85c7e6823b49d439722a9e9

...

Code Block
title
]
 
{code:title=/etc/fstab
}
sudo sh -c "echo '/dev/mmcblk0p1  /  auto  errors=remount-ro  0  1' >> /media/rootfs/etc/fstab"
Code Block
title
{code}
 
{code:title=/etc/fstab v4.5.3+/v4.6.x+ kernels
}
sudo sh -c "echo '/dev/mmcblk2p1  /  auto  errors=remount-ro  0  1' >> /media/rootfs/etc/fstab"

WiFi

{code}
 
h3. WiFi
*Dual/Quad only (Solo has no WiFi module installed)

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*
see: [https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/drivers/net/wireless/brcm80211/brcmfmac/dhd_sdio.c?id=refs/tags/v3.11-rc3#n317

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]
{code
:title
=~/
}
wget -c https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/firmware/linux-firmware.git/plain/brcm/brcmfmac4329-sdio.bin
wget -c https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/firmware/linux-firmware.git/plain/brcm/brcmfmac4330-sdio.bin
 
wget -c https://rcn-ee.com/repos/git/meta-fsl-arm-extra/recipes-bsp/broadcom-nvram-config/files/wandboard/brcmfmac4329-sdio.txt
wget -c https://rcn-ee.com/repos/git/meta-fsl-arm-extra/recipes-bsp/broadcom-nvram-config/files/wandboard/brcmfmac4330-sdio.txt
 
sudo mkdir -p /media/rootfs/lib/firmware/brcm/
 
sudo cp -v ./brcmfmac43*-sdio.bin /media/rootfs/lib/firmware/brcm/
sudo cp -v ./brcmfmac43*-sdio.txt /media/rootfs/lib/firmware/brcm/
{code}
 
Status:

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{code
}
debian@arm:~$ dmesg | grep brcm
[    4.798229] brcmfmac: F1 signature read @0x18000000=0x9934329
[    4.799328] brcmfmac: brcmf_sdio_chip_drivestrengthinit: No SDIO Drive strength init done for chip 4329 rev 3 pmurev 6
[    5.058286] brcmfmac: brcmf_c_preinit_dcmds: Firmware version = wl0: Sep  2 2011 14:48:19 version 4.220.48
[    5.082280] brcmfmac: brcmf_fil_cmd_data: Failed err=-23
[    5.087654] brcmfmac: brcmf_fws_init: failed to set bdcv2 tlv signaling
debian@arm:~$ /sbin/ifconfig -a
wlan0     Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 40:2c:f4:ae:17:91
          BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

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{code}
 
h3. Remove microSD/SD card

...


{code
}
sync
sudo umount /media/rootfs
{code}
 
h3. 2D/3D Video Acceleration via Etnaviv Project

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Vivante GC320/GC880 (quad GC320/GC355/GC2000) 2D/3D Acceleration via

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 [Etnaviv|https://github.com/etnaviv]
This sections assumes you have already installed your favorite xorg based window manager, such as lxde, lxqt, xfce, kde, gnome, etc... These are packages that need to be installed on top of your selected windows manager and an xorg.conf needed to correctly setup the video interface.

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Verify your kernel has etnaviv support:

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{code
:title
=SOLO/DUAL
}
debian@arm:~$ dmesg | grep etnaviv
[    4.047928] etnaviv gpu-subsystem: bound 134000.gpu (ops gpu_ops)
[    4.047955] etnaviv gpu-subsystem: bound 130000.gpu (ops gpu_ops)
[    4.047968] etnaviv-gpu 134000.gpu: model: GC320, revision: 5007
[    4.090180] etnaviv-gpu 130000.gpu: model: GC880, revision: 5106
Code Block
titleQUAD
{code}
 
{code:title=QUAD}
debian@arm:~$ dmesg | grep etnaviv
[    4.025841] etnaviv gpu-subsystem: bound 134000.gpu (ops gpu_ops)
[    4.025868] etnaviv gpu-subsystem: bound 130000.gpu (ops gpu_ops)
[    4.025887] etnaviv gpu-subsystem: bound 2204000.gpu (ops gpu_ops)
[    4.025899] etnaviv-gpu 134000.gpu: model: GC320, revision: 5007
[    4.070139] etnaviv-gpu 130000.gpu: model: GC2000, revision: 5108
[    4.120479] etnaviv-gpu 2204000.gpu: model: GC355, revision: 1215
[    4.120492] etnaviv-gpu 2204000.gpu: Ignoring GPU with VG and FE2.0

...

{code}
 
edid parsing still seems hit and miss on the quad board, override default 1024x768 resolution via the video variable in uEnv.txt.

...


See other hints: [https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/Documentation/fb/modedb.txt

...

]
{code
}
cmdline=video=HDMI-A-1:1024x768@60e

1080p

Code Block
{code}
1080p
{code}
cmdline=video=HDMI-A-1:1920x1080@60e
{code
}
{code}
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg-video-armada-etnaviv
Code Block
title
{code}
 
{code:title=/etc/X11/xorg.conf
}
Section "Monitor"
        Identifier      "Builtin Default Monitor"
EndSection
Section "Device"
        Identifier      "Builtin Default fbdev Device 0"
        Driver          "armada"
EndSection
Section "Screen"
        Identifier      "Builtin Default fbdev Screen 0"
        Device          "Builtin Default fbdev Device 0"
        Monitor         "Builtin Default Monitor"
        DefaultDepth    24
EndSection
Section "ServerLayout"
        Identifier      "Builtin Default Layout"
        Screen          "Builtin Default fbdev Screen 0"
EndSection

Comments

{code}
 
h1. Comments
Comments, feedback, and questions can be sent to: [eewiki@digikey.com

...

|mailto:eewiki@digikey.com?subject=Wandboard]
Please use the Digi-Key's TechForum: [TechForum|https://forum.digikey.com/c/linux-on-arm/]